Troubleshooting A Malfunctioning Electric Oven

Posted on: 13 January 2016

Electric ovens typically provide steady heat, which is ideal for baking and cooking. These appliances usually have a large coil at the bottom of the oven compartment that radiates heat upwards into the oven compartment, helping provide even heat and a dry environment that can make your cakes and cookies crisp up and turn into an appetizing golden-brown.

In most cases, the solution to a malfunction in an electric oven is to simply identify and replace the component that has failed. If your electric oven has stopped working or started performing poorly, read on to learn what could potentially be wrong and how to fix it.

Oven not getting any power

If your oven won't heat up at all when you turn it on, chances are that you are dealing with a tripped breaker that is cutting off power to the appliance. Typically, there should be a double switch on the circuit breaker board that controls power to your oven, so check to see if the switches have tripped and turn them back on. If this isn't the issue, check to see if the internal oven breaker, which is usually located on the control console of the appliance, may have tripped and requires a reset.

For an older model, the power failure could be caused by a blown internal fuse. Such ovens typically have a set of fuses located under the range top or at the back, so inspect these areas and replace any blown fuses.

If you still can't figure out where the problem lies, have an electrician from a company like JF Electrical Contractors, Inc come in to inspect the wiring in the oven junction box for any disconnections that could be cutting off power to the oven.

A failed element or thermostat

If your oven won't heat up despite getting power, you should consider inspecting its element or coil, which is typically located at the bottom of the oven compartment. Start by turning the oven on and allowing some time for the element to pre-heat. Next, check to see if the entire element is glowing evenly. If there are any areas on the coil that appear dark or melted, then you'll need to replace the entire element.

A failed thermostat could also be the cause of uneven heating when the oven is on. To verify that the thermostat is the problem, use an oven thermometer to test the temperature in the oven compartment as you gradually increase the heat setting. If the thermostat is continuously off by a large margin, then you need to call an electrician to replace it.